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By version 4.11, transitive dependencies have proliferated seemingly unchecked. We are far from the short dependency-chains and few cyclic-dependencies of good structure.

A better way…

There are many ways to do this, but one way is to practice radial encapsulation . (…) shows the evolution of a radially-encapsulated program that is bigger than JUnit yet has throughout its history retained a structural clarity that JUnit seems to have abandoned.

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Programmers should be forced to wear their systems' package-structures on their tee-shirts.

(via The structure of JUnit – EdmundKirwan.com )